Smart Agriculture

Climate Smart Agriculture

This may be defined as an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural development under the new realities of climate change (Lipper et al. 2014). 1 The most commonly used definition is provided by the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), which defines CSA as “agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, enhances resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes GHGs (mitigation) where possible, and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals”. In this definition, the principal goal of CSA is identified as food security and development (FAO 2013a; 2 Lipper et al. 2014 1); while productivity, adaptation, and mitigation are identified as the three interlinked pillars necessary for achieving this goal.

Source: Presentation by Irina Papuso and Jimly Faraby, Seminar on Climate Change and Risk Management, May 6, 2013

The three pillars of CSA

  • Productivity: CSA aims to sustainably increase agricultural productivity and incomes from crops, livestock and fish, without having a negative impact on the environment. This, in turn, will raise food and nutritional security. A key concept related to raising productivity is sustainable intensification.
  • Adaptation: CSA aims to reduce the exposure of farmers to short-term risks, while also strengthening their resilience by building their capacity to adapt and prosper in the face of shocks and longer-term stresses. Particular attention is given to protecting the ecosystem services which ecosystems provide to farmers and others. These services are essential for maintaining productivity and our ability to adapt to climate changes.
  • Mitigation: Wherever and whenever possible, CSA should help to reduce and/or remove greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This implies that we reduce emissions for each calorie or kilo of food, fiber and fuel that we produce. That we avoid deforestation from agriculture. And that we manage soils and trees in ways that maximizes their potential to acts as carbon sinks and absorb CO2 from the atmosphere.
 
In our project we practically demonstrate the above pillars in the following activities;

Smart gardening; This training shows how to utilize small spaces to grow enough to earn a living through sales or just reducing on personal feeding cost. Schools and households can save a lot of money growing there own vegetables and at the same time feeding healthy. We train the students and the community youth on how best to grow these vegetables in the given space they have to maximize output. We train them on which vegetables, when and how ( climate smart methods) to help them minimize losses.

Modern fish farming; We train our participants on how to start and run a fish farm, and the tricks of keeping the costs as low as possible yet getting the best yield out of them. We equip the participant with the practical skills and the theory behind each step or activity involved in fish farming.

Organic fertilizer and pesticide production; We train the participants practically how to produce his or her own organic fertilizer and pesticide(IMO). We do this after clearly teaching the basic theory ( chemistry and biology) behind the all the processes.

Mushroom growing; We train our participant how to grow, and market mushrooms. We train them how to construct a simple Mushroom house/ dark room from plastic bottles in the smallest spaces and still use the top of the structure to grow vegetables. In this way, the can maximize output of that space.

Irrigation and constant fumigation; We train our participants that in Agriculture today, if you want earn, one must invest in their gardens or farms. This is because the weather conditions and the soil fertility are no longer naturally given as they used to be in the past due to climate change and human activities. This is why we train them on how to design simple irrigation methods , organic fertilizers and pesticides etc

How does this fit in the SDGs?

Smart agriculture enhances achievement of national food security and this is in fulfillment of SDG2 Zero Hunger. In this project we promote healthy feeding by encouraging growing and consuming of vegetables and fruits which have been proven to prevent sickness like cancer. In this way, we bring the prevention methord to the people in fulfillment of SDG3 good health and well being. The youth we train take on this projects as full time business, and earn income out of it this then develops them personally and slowly eradicating poverty in the community they come from. This is in fulfillment of SDG1 zero poverty and SDG8 (Decent work and Economic growth).